A food allergy is what happens when consuming certain foods trigger the body’s immune system, leading to allergic reactions that range from mild rash to severe life threatening conditions.
When this happens, the immune system erroneously treats the proteins in these foods as threats to the body, releasing chemicals that induce symptoms of an allergic reaction.
Consuming allergens causes food allergies to develop. Symptoms of food allergies can start immediately while eating, or it can take several hours to days to show.
Common causes of food allergy in children include:
The symptoms of food allergy vary from each individual and can affect different parts of the body. These are some common symptoms:
In some children, food allergies can also trigger a serious allergic reaction called Anaphylaxis. This requires urgent medical attention and should be recognized as soon as possible.
The symptoms for anaphylaxis include,
Some people can also develop exercise-induced food allergies. This is when symptoms of a food allergy, typically anaphylaxis, manifests after consuming a certain food followed by exercising or physical activity.
Children with the following are at a higher risk of food allergy,
There are a number of factors and tests to diagnose food allergies. It may be diagnosed based on symptoms alone, or the dermatologist may suggest tests to determine the source (or sources) of allergy.
Treatment options for food allergies in Singapore vary, as it depends on how severe the reactions are. Once the food allergy has been identified, you should avoid it to prevent further allergic reactions. It is important to check food labels and be aware of the ingredients in each meal.
These are some common treatment options for food allergy:
MBBS(NUS, SINGAPORE), MRCP(RCP, UNITED KINGDOM)