Female hyperpigmentation

What is Female Hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation is when a skin has too much pigmentation (colour). Some women are particularly prone to hyperpigmentation disorders such as melasma and chloasma.

Hyperpigmentation disorders can be stressful but are usually not harmful. Symptoms are treatable through skin treatments and modern medical procedures.

What causes Female Hyperpigmentation?

Exposure to radiation: Ultraviolet, visible light, or infrared light can cause melasma. This includes exposure to the sun.

Pregnancy: Hyperpigmentation is a very common skin disorder among pregnant women.

What are the types of Female Hyperpigmentation in Singapore?

The most common types of hyperpigmentation for women are melasma and cholasma. Women with darker skin are more likely to develop melasma, a skin condition that causes patches and spots that are darker than their natural skin tone.

It’s also common for pregnant females to develop blotchy dark spots on the skin when pregnant (chloasma).

What are the symptoms of Female Hyperpigmentation?

The main symptom of female hyperpigmentation are:

  • Brown or dark and blotchy patches on the skin, usually in sun-exposed areas of the body

What are the risk factors for Female Hyperpigmentation?

  • Skin colour - Those with darker complexions are more likely to develop hyperpigmentation.
  • Pregnancy and Hormones - Being pregnant or having hormonal imbalances may cause hyperpigmentation for some women.
  • Sun exposure - Too much sun exposure can lead to skin damage and hyperpigmentation.
  • Inflammation - Those who have inflammation and have a poor diet may have hyperpigmentation disorders.


What does a contact allergy look like?
Skin rashes, hives, itchiness, redness, burning, swelling, and tenderness could be symptoms of a contact allergy, especially after coming into contact with a particular substance.
How do you relieve contact allergies?
Applying anti-itch creams and taking anti-itch medications, cold compresses, cool baths, and avoiding the particular substance that causes the allergy can all provide relief for contact allergies.
How long does it take to treat contact allergies?
Upon avoiding the contact allergen, symptoms typically clear up in 2-4 weeks. However, it depends on the individual and treatment plan.
Are contact allergies contagious?
No, contact allergies are not contagious and will not spread to other people.



Dr Uma Alagappan is a MOH accredited consultant dermatologist in private with more than 15 years experience as a medical doctor. She sub-specialises in paediatric dermatology, women’s dermatology and general dermatology. Dr Uma’s interests include chronic eczema, food allergy and immunodermatology. She is also well versed with the use of lasers for treating paediatric and adult patients.
Dr Uma completed her dermatology training in Changi General Hospital and National Skin Centre in 2015. She joined KKH Dermatology Service to subspecialize in paediatric dermatology in 2017. She was awarded the Ministry of Health Manpower Development Plan Award in 2019 to pursue paediatric immunodermatology and allergo-dermatology in the renowned Boston Children’s Hospital, Massachusetts, USA. Upon her return, she spearheaded a number of clinics at KKH including the food allergy eczema clinic for the paediatric eczema patients, immunodermatology clinics and the psychology eczema multi-disciplinary clinics.
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321 Joo Chiat Pl, #05-01A Parkway East Specialist Hospital, Singapore 427990

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Tel: +65 6320 0310

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290 Orchard Road 09-01/02 Paragon Medical Centre, Singapore 238859

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321 Joo Chiat Pl, #05-01A Parkway East Specialist Hospital, Singapore 427990 | Tel: +65 6517 9760
290 Orchard Road 09-01/02 Paragon Medical Centre, Singapore 238859 | Tel: +65 6320 0310


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